Statistics about Cardiovascular diseases


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About statistics: This page presents a variety of statistics about Cardiovascular diseases. The term 'prevalence' of Cardiovascular diseases usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Cardiovascular diseases at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Cardiovascular diseases refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Cardiovascular diseases diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

Prevalence and incidence statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: (see also prevalence and incidence page for Cardiovascular diseases)
  Prevalance of Cardiovascular diseases: 61,800,000 cases in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  Prevalance Rate: approx 1 in 4 or 22.72% or 61.8 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Cardiovascular diseases: About 57 million Americans live with some form of cardiovascular disease, which causes more than 40% of all deaths in the United States; 950,000 Americans every year.1
  Prevelance statistics about Cardiovascular diseases: The following statistics relate to the prevalence of Cardiovascular diseases:
  • Estimated 64,400,000 in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 61.8 million Americans (NHLBI)
  • About 58 million Americans (CDC)
  • More than 20% of population in the USA 2004 (The British Heart Foundation, 2004)
  • 29,700,000 men affected in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 32,100,000 women affected in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 30% of cases in the USA are men (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 23.8% of CVD cases in the USA are women (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 40.5% of CVD cases in the USA are African-American men (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 39.6% of CVD cases in the USA are African-American women (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 28.8% of CVD cases in the USA are Mexican-American men (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 26.6% of CVD cases in the USA are Mexican-American women (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 2.5 million cases in the UK (British Heart Foundation)
  • 1.1 million people have a disability as a result of cardiovascular problems in Australia 2001(Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • About 20% of population have cardiovascular problems in Australia 2001(Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 1 in 4 have some form of the disease in Canada (Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada Web Site)
  • CVD now more common in India and China than in all economically developed countries in the world added together (7)
  • Higher rates of CVD in lower socioeconomic groups in developed countries (World Health Organisation Web site)

Death and mortality statistics for Cardiovascular diseases:
  Deaths from Cardiovascular diseases: 945,836 deaths in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  Death statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: The following are statistics from various sources about deaths and Cardiovascular diseases:
  • 950,314 deaths reported in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)
  • 440,175 male deaths in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 505,661 female deaths in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 382,516 white male deaths in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 440,903 white female deaths in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 48,708 African-American male deaths in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 57,603 African-American female deaths in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • Number 1 cause of deaths in Australia 1993-94(Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • 54,000 deaths in Australia 1993-94(Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • 2,600 deaths in the USA each day (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-94)
  • 1 death occurs every 33 seconds in the USA (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-94)
  • CVD causes more deaths in the USA than the next 5 leading causes of death combined (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-94)
  • 84.3 per 100,000 white males died from CVD in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 510.5 per 100,000 black males died from CVD in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 273.6 per 100,000 white females died from CVD in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 376.6 per 100,000 black females died from CVD in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • Death rates from CVD fell by 9.2% in the USA from 1991-2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • Number of deaths from CVD increased by 0.9% in the USA from 1991-2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 238,000 deaths from CVD in the UK 2002 (The British Heart Foundation, 2004)
  • 39% of deaths from CVD in the UK 2002 (The British Heart Foundation, 2004)
  • 931,108 deaths from CVD in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 38.5% of all deaths from CVD in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • Over 2,500 deaths each day in the USA 2004 (The British Heart Foundation, 2004)
  • 505,661 female deaths in the USA 2000 (American Heart Association, 2002)
  • 304.5 deaths per 100,000 men in Australia 2001 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, National Mortality Database, 2003)
  • 213.1 deaths per 100,000 women in Australia 2001 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, National Mortality Database, 2003)
  • 49,741 deaths each year in Australia (Heart Foundation of Australia)
  • 79,389 deaths each year in Canada (Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada)
  • 20% of deaths is due to strokes in Canada (Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada)
  • Caused 40% of all deaths in the UK 2001 (British Heart Foundation)
  • 245,000 deaths per year in the UK 2001 (British Heart Foundation)
  • 4 million deaths each year in Europe (The European Heart Network)
  • 4 million deaths from CVD each year in Europe (The European Heart Network, 2000)
  • 1.5 million deaths from CVD each year in the EU (The European Heart Network, 2000)
  • CVD is main cause of death of women in all countries in Europe (The European Heart Network, 2000)
  • CVD is main cause of death of men in all countries in Europe except France (The European Heart Network, 2000)
  • Death statistics for cardiovascular disease in males in various countries:
    • 1167 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in the Russian Federation 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 962 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Bulgaria 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 819 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Romania 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 718 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Hungary 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 828 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Poland 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 563 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Czech Rupublic 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 531 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Argentina 1996 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 432 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Scotland 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 422 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Ireland 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 413 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in China (rural) 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 397 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Columbia 1994 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 394 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Finland 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 389 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in China (Urban) 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 351 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Northern Ireland 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 348 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in the United States 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 348 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Greece 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 347 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Germany 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 332 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in England/Wales 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 318 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Austria 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 318 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in New Zealand 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 316 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Denmark 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 304 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Belgium 1996 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 299 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Netherlands 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 299 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Norway 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 294 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Sweden 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 287 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Portugal 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 280 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Canada 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 273 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Mexico 1995 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 269 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Israel 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 261 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Korea 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 255 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Italy 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 211 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Spain 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 237 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Australia 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 218 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Switzerland 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 208 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in France 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 186 male deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Japan 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • Death statistics for cardiovascular disease in females in various countries:
    • 540 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in the Russian Federation 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 490 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Bulgaria 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 445 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Romania 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 322 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Hungary 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 296 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Columbia 1994 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 279 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in China (rural) 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 279 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in China (urban) 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 264 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Poland 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 250 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in the Czech Republic 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 227 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Argentina 1996 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 204 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Scotland 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 197 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Mexico 1995 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 183 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Ireland 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 177 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in the United States 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 163 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Northern Ireland 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 163 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Greece 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 161 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in England/Wales 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 149 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Korea 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 149 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Germany 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 144 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Denmark 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 130 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in New Zealand 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 199 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Portugal 2000 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 139 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Austria 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 135 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Israel 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 135 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Finland i1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 133 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Canada 1998 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 132 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Netherlands 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 130 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Belgium 1996 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 110 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Sweden 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 115 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Norway 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 108 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Italy 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 103 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Australia 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 83 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Spain 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 88 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Switzerland 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 81 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in Japan 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
    • 74 female deaths per 100,000 population for CVD in France 1999 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • Estimated 16.7 million deaths worldwide (World Health Report, 2003)
  • Estimated 8.6 million female CVD deaths worldwide (World Health Report, 2003)
  • Estimated 8.1 million male CVD deaths worldwide (World Health Report, 2003)
  • CVD caused estimated 1/3 of total deaths worldwide (Integrated Management of Cardiovascular Risk , WHO, 2002)
  • Higher CVD death rates in lower socioeconomic groups in developed countries (World Health Organisation Web site)
  • Low-income and middle-income countries contributed to 85% of CVD deaths worldwide (Integrated Management of Cardiovascular Risk , WHO, 2002)
  • Estimated 25 million deaths worldwide by 2020 (Institute for International Health Web Site)
  • CVD is the largest single cause of death in women worldwide (World Health Report, 2003)
  • CVD causes over 4 million deaths each year in Europe (World Heart Federation Fact-Sheet, 2002)
  • CVD causes over 1.5 million deaths each year in the European Union (British Heart Foundation - European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics, 2000)
  • CVD accounts for 42% of all deaths in the European Union (British Heart Foundation - European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics, 2000)
  • CVD accounted for over 245,000 deaths in the UK 2001(World Health Report, 2003)

Society statistics for Cardiovascular diseases
  Costs for Cardiovascular diseases: $329.2 billion with $199.5b direct, $30.9b morbidity, $98.8b mortality (NHLBI 2002)
  Costs for Cardiovascular diseases: Heart disease and stroke cost the nation almost $260 billion annually. 1
  Cost statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Cardiovascular diseases:
  • $3.9 billion direct spending in Australia 1993-94(Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • $26.3 billion was paid to Medicare beneficiaries for hospital expenses in the USA 1999 (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services –CMS, 2002)
  • $4,862 million in hospital costs in Canada 1993 Health Canada)
  • $867 million in physician costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1,565 million in 1,565 costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $60 million in research costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $7,354 million in direct costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $425 million in short-term disability costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $4,502 million in long-term disability costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $7,440 million in mortality costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $4,862 million in indirect costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $19,722 million in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • 32,463 prescriptions for CVD in Canada 1998 (Intercontinental Medical Statistics Canada,1998)
  • 9,230 diuretic prescriptions for CVD in Canada 1998 (Intercontinental Medical Statistics Canada,1998)
  • $19.3 billion in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)

  Hospitalizations for Cardiovascular diseases: 6,398,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Hospitalization statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Cardiovascular diseases:
  • 1,729,863 patient days spent in public hospitals for procedures on cardiovascular system in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 156,584 admissions to private hospitals for procedures on cardiovascular system in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 190,128 admissions to public hospitals for procedures on cardiovascular system in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 22.7% of hospitalisations for procedures on cardiovascular system were single day in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 26.2% of hospitalisations for procedures on cardiovascular system were single day in private hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 821,642 patient days spent in private hospitals were for procedures on cardiovascular system in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

  Physician office visits for Cardiovascular diseases: 60,425,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Physician office visit statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: The following are statistics from various sources about physician office visits and Cardiovascular diseases:
  • Cardiovascular disease accounted for 11% of all physician visits in Australia 2002-03 (Britt et al. 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
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  Procedure statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: The following are statistics from various sources about medical procedures and Cardiovascular diseases:
  • 25,127 bypass procedures were performed in the UK 2000-01 (Coronary Heart Disease Statistics, British Heart Foundation, 2003)
  • Cardiovascular disease resulted in 81,926 coronary angiograms in Australia 2001-02 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Cardiovascular disease resulted in 16,275 coronary artery bypass grafts in Australia 2001-02 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Cardiovascular disease resulted in 3,558 carotid endarterectomies in Australia 2001-02 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Coronary stents were inserted into 91% of angioplasty procedures for cardiovascular disease in Australia 2001-02 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Facts About Cardiovascular Disease: CDC-OC

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