Basic Summary for Cardiovascular diseases


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Main name of condition: Cardiovascular diseases
Other names or spellings: Cardiovascular Disease, CVD


What is Cardiovascular diseases?
  Brief description of Cardiovascular diseases: Diseases of the heart or blood vessels including cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke.
  Parent types of Cardiovascular diseases: Blood vessel conditions, Heart conditions
  Organs Affected by Cardiovascular diseases: heart, blood vessels
  Types of Cardiovascular diseases: Heart disease, Stroke, Atherosclerosis, Coronary heart disease, Angina, Coronary artery disease, Hypertension, Heart failure
How many people get Cardiovascular diseases?
  Prevalance of Cardiovascular diseases: 61,800,000 cases in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  Prevalance Rate of Cardiovascular diseases: approx 1 in 4 or 22.72% or 61.8 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Cardiovascular diseases: About 57 million Americans live with some form of cardiovascular disease, which causes more than 40% of all deaths in the United States; 950,000 Americans every year.1
How serious is Cardiovascular diseases?
  Deaths for Cardiovascular diseases: 945,836 deaths in the USA (American Heart Association, 2004)
  Complications of Cardiovascular diseases: see complications of Cardiovascular diseases
What causes Cardiovascular diseases?
  Causes of Cardiovascular diseases: see causes of Cardiovascular diseases
  Risk factors for Cardiovascular diseases: see risk factors for Cardiovascular diseases
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Cardiovascular diseases: see treatments for Cardiovascular diseases
  Prevention of Cardiovascular diseases: see prevention of Cardiovascular diseases
  Research for Cardiovascular diseases: see research for Cardiovascular diseases
Society issues for Cardiovascular diseases
  Costs of Cardiovascular diseases: $329.2 billion with $199.5b direct, $30.9b morbidity, $98.8b mortality (NHLBI 2002)
  Costs of Cardiovascular diseases: Heart disease and stroke cost the nation almost $260 billion annually. 1

Cost statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Cardiovascular diseases:

  • $3.9 billion direct spending in Australia 1993-94(Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • $26.3 billion was paid to Medicare beneficiaries for hospital expenses in the USA 1999 (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services –CMS, 2002)
  • $4,862 million in hospital costs in Canada 1993 Health Canada)
  • $867 million in physician costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1,565 million in 1,565 costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $60 million in research costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $7,354 million in direct costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $425 million in short-term disability costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $4,502 million in long-term disability costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $7,440 million in mortality costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $4,862 million in indirect costs in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $19,722 million in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • 32,463 prescriptions for CVD in Canada 1998 (Intercontinental Medical Statistics Canada,1998)
  • 9,230 diuretic prescriptions for CVD in Canada 1998 (Intercontinental Medical Statistics Canada,1998)
  • $19.3 billion in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)

  Hospitalizations for Cardiovascular diseases: 6,398,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Hospitalization statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Cardiovascular diseases:
  • 1,729,863 patient days spent in public hospitals for procedures on cardiovascular system in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 156,584 admissions to private hospitals for procedures on cardiovascular system in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 190,128 admissions to public hospitals for procedures on cardiovascular system in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 22.7% of hospitalisations for procedures on cardiovascular system were single day in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 26.2% of hospitalisations for procedures on cardiovascular system were single day in private hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 821,642 patient days spent in private hospitals were for procedures on cardiovascular system in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

  Physician office visits for Cardiovascular diseases: 60,425,000 (NHLBI 1999)
  Physician office visit statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: The following are statistics from various sources about physician office visits and Cardiovascular diseases:
  • Cardiovascular disease accounted for 11% of all physician visits in Australia 2002-03 (Britt et al. 2003, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

  Medical procedure statistics for Cardiovascular diseases: The following are statistics from various sources about medical procedures and Cardiovascular diseases:
  • 25,127 bypass procedures were performed in the UK 2000-01 (Coronary Heart Disease Statistics, British Heart Foundation, 2003)
  • Cardiovascular disease resulted in 81,926 coronary angiograms in Australia 2001-02 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Cardiovascular disease resulted in 16,275 coronary artery bypass grafts in Australia 2001-02 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Cardiovascular disease resulted in 3,558 carotid endarterectomies in Australia 2001-02 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Coronary stents were inserted into 91% of angioplasty procedures for cardiovascular disease in Australia 2001-02 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Facts About Cardiovascular Disease: CDC-OC

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