Basic Summary for Cancer


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Main name of condition: Cancer
Other names or spellings: Carcinoma, malignant neoplasm


What is Cancer?
  Brief description of Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  Parent types of Cancer: All Disease Categories, Chronic Illness, Tumor
  Types of Cancer: Cancer type by severity:, Benign tumor, Malignant tumor, Metastatic cancer, Cancer type by type of tumor:, Sarcoma, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Myeloma, Melanoma, Adenoma, Cancer type by common locations:, Lung cancer, Bowel cancer, Colon cancer, Rectal cancer, Colorectal cancer, Brain cancer, Throat cancer, Oral cancer, Liver cancer, Bone cancer, Pancreatic cancer, More types of cancer:, Choriocarcinoma, Gastrinoma, Pheochromocytoma, Prolactinoma, Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, Neuroma, Von Hippel-Lindau Disease, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, Adrenal Cancer, Anal Cancer, Bile Duct Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Ureter cancer, Brain cancer, Oligodendroglioma, Neuroblastoma, Meningioma, Spinal Cord Tumor, Bone cancer, Osteochondroma, Chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, Cancer of Unknown Primary Site, Carcinoid, Carcinoid of Gastrointestinal Tract, Fibrosarcoma, Breast Cancer, Paget's Disease, Cervical Cancer, Colorectal cancer, Rectal cancer, Esophagus Cancer, Gall Bladder Cancer, Head Cancer, Eye cancer, Neck Cancer, Kidney Cancer, Wilms' tumor, Liver cancer, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Prostate Cancer, Lung cancer, Testicular Cancer, Hodgkin's Disease, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Oral cancer, Skin Cancer, Mesothelioma, Multiple Myeloma, Ovarian Cancer, Endocrine pancreatic cancer, Glucagonoma, Pancreatic cancer, Parathyroid Cancer, Penis Cancer, Pituitary Cancer, Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Retinoblastoma, Small Intestine Cancer, Stomach cancer, Thymus Cancer, Thyroid cancer, Trophoblastic Cancer, Hydatidiform mole, Uterine Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Vagina cancer, Vulva cancer, Acoustic Neurinoma, Mycosis fungoides, Insulinoma, Carcinoid syndrome, Somatostatinoma
How many people get Cancer?
  Incidence (annual) of Cancer: 1,248,900 annual cases (SEER 2002 estimate)
  Incidence Rate of Cancer: approx 1 in 217 or 0.46% or 1.2 million people in USA [about data]
  Lifetime risk of Cancer: about 1 in 3 lifetime risk; 38% of women and 43% of men (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)
Who gets Cancer?
  Gender Profile for Cancer: Equally males and females.
How serious is Cancer?
  Average life years lost for Cancer: 15.0 years for cancers (SEER); 16.5 in North Carolina1; 7.8 average YPLL/person for cancer in Michigan2.
  Deaths for Cancer: 555,500 annual deaths (SEER 2002 estimate)
  Cause of death rank for Cancer: 2nd top cause of death in 1999 and 2000 (CDC)
  Complications of Cancer: see complications of Cancer
What causes Cancer?
  Class of Condition for Cancer: cancer
  Causes of Cancer: see causes of Cancer
  Risk factors for Cancer: see risk factors for Cancer
What are the symptoms of Cancer?
  Symptoms of Cancer: see symptoms of Cancer
Can anyone else get Cancer?
  Contagion of cancer: generally not; see details in contagion of cancer.
  More information: see contagiousness of Cancer
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Cancer: see treatments for Cancer
  Prevention of Cancer: see prevention of Cancer
Society issues for Cancer

Cost statistics for Cancer: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Cancer:

  • $14.2 billion for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $2.5 billion in direct costs for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $1.8 billion in hospital care for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $210 million spent on treatment drugs for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $80 million spent on research for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $11.8 billion in indirect spending for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $962 million in long-term disability costs for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • $174 million in short-term disability costs for cancer in Canada 1998 (Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, CCDP, Health Canada)
  • 3rd greatest health expense in Canada is cancer (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)
  • $14.2 billion in Canada 1998 (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)
  • $2.5 billion in direct health care costs in Canada 1998 (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)
  • $11.8 billion in indirect costs eg mortality and lost productivity in Canada 1998 (Canadian Cancer Statistics, National Cancer Institute of Canada, 2004)

  Hospitalizations for Cancer: 1,414,000 cases in USA 1995; average length of stay was 7.3 days in USA 1995 (US Government Statistics)
  Hospitalization statistics for Cancer: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Cancer:
  • 133,482 admissions to private hospitals for procedures on chemotherapy and radiation oncology in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 135,535 admissions to public hospitals for procedures on chemotherapy and radiation Oncology in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 210,738 patient days spent in private hospitals were for chemotherapy and radiation oncology in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 354,832 patient days spent in public hospitals for procedures in chemotherapy and radiation oncology in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 81.7% of hospitalisations for procedures on chemotherapy and radiation Oncology were single day in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 90.7% of hospitalisations for procedures on chemotherapy and radiation oncology were single day in private hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 2.4 million visits were made to a hospital outpatient department for cancer in the US 2001 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey 2001 Summary, NCHS, CDC)
  • 1.2 million hospital discharges occurred for cancer in the US 2001 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey 2001 Summary, NCHS, CDC)
  • The average length of stay for hospitalisation for cancer was 7 days in the US 2001 (2001 National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS, CDC)

  Physician office visit statistics for Cancer: The following are statistics from various sources about physician office visits and Cancer:
  • 16 million visits were made to a physician’s office for cancer in the US 2001 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey 2001 Summary, NCHS, CDC)
  • 2.4 million visits were made to a hospital outpatient department for cancer in the US 2001 (National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey 2001 Summary, NCHS, CDC)
  • 15,987,000 people visited a physician’s office for malignant neoplasms in the US 2001 (National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2001)


Footnotes:
1. Years of Potential Life Lost in North Carolina, NCMJ March/April 2002, Volume 63, Number 2
2. Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, MDCH, Michigan, USA

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