Basic Summary for Botulism food poisoning


Main name of condition: Botulism food poisoning
Other names or spellings: Clostridium botulinum, Botulism

What is Botulism food poisoning?
  Brief description of Botulism food poisoning: Extremely dangerous food poisoning requiring medical attention, but not always recognized because of its non-abdominal symptoms.
  Parent types of Botulism food poisoning: Food poisoning, Food poisoning, Bacterial diseases, Diseases contagious from food
  Types of Botulism food poisoning: Infant botulism, Wound botulism, Infant botulism food poisoning
How many people get Botulism food poisoning?
  Incidence (annual) of Botulism food poisoning: 154 annual cases notified in USA 1999 including 23 foodborne, 92 infant, and 39 other (MMWR 1999)
  Incidence Rate of Botulism food poisoning: approx 1 in 1,766,233 or 0.00% or 153 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Botulism food poisoning: In the United States an average of 110 cases of botulism are reported each year. Of these, approximately 25% are foodborne, 72% are infant botulism, and the rest are wound botulism. Outbreaks of foodborne botulism involving two or more persons occur most years and usually caused by eating contaminated home-canned foods. The number of cases of foodborne and infant botulism has changed little in recent years, but wound botulism has increased because of the use of black-tar heroin, especially in California. 1 ... In 1999, 174 cases of botulism were reported to the CDC. Of these, 26 were foodborne, 107 were infant botulism, and 41 were cases of wound botulism.2
How serious is Botulism food poisoning?
  Prognosis of Botulism food poisoning: Death can result from respiratory failure. About 5% die. Recovery takes months. Those who survive may have fatigue and shortness of breath for years.2
  Complications of Botulism food poisoning: see complications of Botulism food poisoning
What causes Botulism food poisoning?
  Cause of Botulism food poisoning: Eating contaminated food, even only a very small amount.
  Causes of Botulism food poisoning: A potent neurotoxin produced from Clostridium botulinum, an anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium. 2 ... Foodborne botulism follows ingestion of toxin produced in food by C. botulinum. The most frequent source is home-canned foods, prepared in an unsafe manner.2
  Class of Condition for Botulism food poisoning: bacterial
  Causes of Botulism food poisoning: see causes of Botulism food poisoning
  Risk factors for Botulism food poisoning: see risk factors for Botulism food poisoning
What are the symptoms of Botulism food poisoning?
  Incubation period for Botulism food poisoning: 18 to 36 hours (or longer)
  Incubation period for Botulism food poisoning: In foodborne botulism, symptoms generally begin 18 to 36 hours after eating a contaminated food, but they can occur as early as 6 hours or as late as 10 days. 1
  Symptoms of Botulism food poisoning: see symptoms of Botulism food poisoning
Can anyone else get Botulism food poisoning?
  More information: see contagiousness of Botulism food poisoning
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Botulism food poisoning: see treatments for Botulism food poisoning
  Prevention of Botulism food poisoning: see prevention of Botulism food poisoning

1. excerpt from Botulism General: DBMD
2. excerpt from Botulism: DBMD

Last revision: May 26, 2003

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