NINDS Tuberous Sclerosis Information Page: NINDS


Article title: NINDS Tuberous Sclerosis Information Page: NINDS
Main condition: Tuberous Sclerosis
Conditions: Tuberous Sclerosis

Table of Contents (click to jump to sections)What is Tuberous Sclerosis?
Is there any treatment?
What is the prognosis?
What research is being done?

Related NINDS Publications and Information
Additional resources from MEDLINEplus

What is Tuberous Sclerosis?
Tuberous sclerosis is a rare genetic, neurological disorder primarily characterized by seizures, mental retardation, and skin and eye lesions. In some cases, neurobehavioral problems may also occur. Individuals with tuberous sclerosis may experience none or all of the symptoms with varying degrees of severity. Tuberous sclerosis is a multi-system disease that can affect the brain, kidneys, heart, eyes, lungs, and other organs. Small benign tumors may grow on the face and eyes, as well as in the brain, kidneys, and other organs. Neuroimaging studies may be able to confirm the diagnosis. Seizures most often begin in the first year of life.

Is there any treatment?
There is no specific treatment for tuberous sclerosis. Treatment is symptomatic and may include anticonvulsant therapy for seizures; dermabrasion and laser removal techniques for the skin manifestations; drug therapy for neurobehavioral problems; treatment of high blood pressure caused by the kidney problems; and surgery to remove growing tumors.

What is the prognosis?
The prognosis for individuals with tuberous sclerosis varies depending on the severity of symptoms. There is no cure.

What research is being done?
The NINDS supports research on genetic disorders such as tuberous sclerosis aimed at increasing scientific understanding of these disorders and finding ways to prevent, treat, and cure them.


Epilepsy Foundation
4351 Garden City Drive
Suite 500
Landover, MD 20785-7223
Tel: 301-459-3700 800-EFA-1000 (332-1000)
Fax: 301-577-2684

National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD)
P.O. Box 8923
(100 Route 37)
New Fairfield, CT 06812-8923
Tel: 203-746-6518 800-999-NORD (6673)
Fax: 203-746-6481

Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance
801 Roeder Road
Suite 750
Silver Spring, MD 20910-4467
Tel: 301-562-9890 800-225-6872
Fax: 301-562-9870

Related NINDS Publications and Information

  • Tuberous Sclerosis Fact Sheet
    Tuberous Sclerosis fact sheet developed by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).

    This fact sheet is in the public domain. You may copy it.Provided by:
    The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
    National Institutes of Health
    Bethesda, MD 20892

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