Basic Summary for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis


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Main name of condition: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Other names or spellings: ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease


What is Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
  Brief description of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Degenerative disease of the nerves affecting muscles.
  Parent types of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Sclerosis, Motor neuron disease, Motor neuron diseases
  Organs Affected by Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: nerves, muscles
How many people get Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
  Prevalance of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: 30,000 cases of ALS in America (Robert Packard Research Center at John Hopkins Hospital)
  Prevalance Rate of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: approx 1 in 9,066 or 0.01% or 30,000 people in USA [about data]
  Incidence (annual) of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: 5,000 new cases of ALS in America (Robert Packard Research Center at John Hopkins Hospital)
  Incidence Rate of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: approx 1 in 54,400 or 0.00% or 5,000 people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: affecting as many as 20,000 Americans with 5,000 new cases occurring in the United States each year. 1
Who gets Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
  Patient Profile for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Middle age.
  Profile for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: ALS strikes in mid-life. Men are about one-and-a-half times more likely to have the disease as women. 1
  Gender Profile for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Men 1.5 times more than women.
How serious is Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
  Prognosis of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Poor. Degenerative. Non-curable. Usually fatal within 5 years.
  Prognosis of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: ALS is usually fatal within five years after diagnosis. 1
  3-year survival rate for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: 50% live more than 3 years after diagnosis of ALS in America (Robert Packard Research Center at John Hopkins Hospital)
  5-year survival rate for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: 20% live more than 5 years after diagnosis of ALS in America (Robert Packard Research Center at John Hopkins Hospital)
  10-year survival rate for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: 10% live more than 10 years after diagnosis of ALS in America (Robert Packard Research Center at John Hopkins Hospital)
What causes Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
  Causes of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: ALS occurs when specific nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary movement gradually degenerate. The loss of these motor neurons causes the muscles under their control to weaken and waste away, leading to paralysis. 1
  Causes of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: see causes of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
What are the symptoms of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
  Symptoms of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: see symptoms of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: see treatments for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from NINDS Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Information Page: NINDS

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