Risk Factors for Alveolar Hydatid Disease


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About risk factors: Risk factors for Alveolar Hydatid Disease are factors that do not seem to be a direct cause of the disease, but seem to be associated in some way. Having a risk factor for Alveolar Hydatid Disease makes the chances of getting a condition higher but does not always lead to Alveolar Hydatid Disease. Also, the absence of any risk factors or having a protective factor does not necessarily guard you against getting Alveolar Hydatid Disease. For general information and a list of risk factors, see the risk center.

Risk factor list: The list of risk factors mentioned for Alveolar Hydatid Disease in various sources includes:

Risk factors discussion: For 50 years, E. multilocularis was confined to the Alaskan coast and Canada. Now, because wild coyotes, foxes, and wolves are being trapped and transported to states where E. multilocularis has not previously been found, there is increased risk of spreading the disease to animals and humans. Wild animals carrying the tapeworm could set up the transmission cycle and expose animals not already infected. Many states prohibit this movement of wild animals, but trapping and movement of infected wild canines still occurs. If the transportation and relocation of these animals continues, the risk of human transmission will increase. Although the chances of contracting AHD are low, certain groups may be at greater risk.

You may be at greater risk if you live in an area where AHD is found (see above). People at high risk include trappers, hunters, veterinarians, or others who contact wild foxes, coyotes, or their stool, or household cats and dogs who have the opportunity to eat wild rodents infected with AHD.1

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Alveolar Hydatid Disease: DPD

Last revision: April 8, 2003

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