Basic Summary for Alveolar Hydatid Disease


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Main name of condition: Alveolar Hydatid Disease
Other names or spellings: Echinococcus multilocularis, Echinococcosis, Echinococcus granulosis, E. multilocularis


What is Alveolar Hydatid Disease?
  Brief description of Alveolar Hydatid Disease: Rare multi-organ tapeworm infection caught from animals.
  Parent types of Alveolar Hydatid Disease: Worm conditions, Tapeworms, Kidney conditions, Liver conditions, Brain conditions, Diseases contagious from food, Diseases contagious from dogs, Diseases contagious from cats, Diseases contagious from animals
  Organs Affected by Alveolar Hydatid Disease: liver, kidneys, lungs, brain
Who gets Alveolar Hydatid Disease?
  Geography Profile for Alveolar Hydatid Disease: AHD is found worldwide, mostly in northern latitudes. Cases have been reported in central Europe, Russia, China, Central Asia, Japan, and North America. In North America E. multilocularis is found primarily in the north central region from eastern Montana to central Ohio, as well as Alaska and Canada. Human cases have been reported in Alaska, the province of Manitoba, and Minnesota. Prevalence among wild foxes and coyotes is high, and may reach over 50% in some areas; however, even in these areas, transmission to humans has been low.1
How serious is Alveolar Hydatid Disease?
  Prognosis of Alveolar Hydatid Disease: If left untreated, infection with AHD can be fatal.1
  Complications of Alveolar Hydatid Disease: see complications of Alveolar Hydatid Disease
What causes Alveolar Hydatid Disease?
  Class of Condition for Alveolar Hydatid Disease: parasite worm
  Risk factors for Alveolar Hydatid Disease: see risk factors for Alveolar Hydatid Disease
What are the symptoms of Alveolar Hydatid Disease?
  Symptoms of Alveolar Hydatid Disease: see symptoms of Alveolar Hydatid Disease
Can anyone else get Alveolar Hydatid Disease?
  More information: see contagiousness of Alveolar Hydatid Disease
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Alveolar Hydatid Disease: see treatments for Alveolar Hydatid Disease
  Prevention of Alveolar Hydatid Disease: see prevention of Alveolar Hydatid Disease
Society issues for Alveolar Hydatid Disease
  Hospitalization statistics for Alveolar Hydatid Disease: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Alveolar Hydatid Disease:
  • 0.0004% (57) of hospital consultant episodes were for echinococcosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 86% of caseds of echinococcosis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 53% of hospital consultant episodes for echinococcosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 47% of hospital consultant episodes for echinococcosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 53% of caseds of echinococcosis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 8.6 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for echinococcosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for echinococcosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 39 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for echinococcosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61% of hospital consultant episodes for echinococcosis occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 11% of hospital consultant episodes for echinococcosis occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4% of hospital consultant episodes for echinococcosis were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.0008% (418) of hospital bed days were for echinococcosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Alveolar Hydatid Disease: DPD

Last revision: April 8, 2003

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