Basic Summary for Alcoholism


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Main name of condition: Alcoholism
Other names or spellings: alcohol dependency, alcohol addiction


What is Alcoholism?
  Brief description of Alcoholism: Excessive addictive use of alcohol.
  Parent types of Alcoholism: Addiction, Alcohol abuse, Drug abuse, Liver conditions, Behavioral disorders, Psychological disorders, Psychiatric disorders
  Organs Affected by Alcoholism: liver, metabolism, mental, body
  Types of Alcoholism: Binge drinking
How many people get Alcoholism?
  Prevalance of Alcoholism: estimated 15.1 million people: 15.1 million alcohol-abusing or alcohol-dependent individuals and 4.6 million are women (NWHIC); nearly 14 million Americans (NIAAA)
  Prevalance Rate of Alcoholism: approx 1 in 18 or 5.55% or 15.1 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Alcoholism: Currently, nearly 14 million Americans—1 in every 13 adults—abuse alcohol or are alcoholic.1
Who gets Alcoholism?
  Patient Profile for Alcoholism: Usually adults
  Gender Profile for Alcoholism: Men more than women about 2:1.
How serious is Alcoholism?
  Deaths for Alcoholism: 19,171 persons died of alcohol-induced causes in 1999 USA (NVSR Sep 2001)
  Complications of Alcoholism: see complications of Alcoholism
What causes Alcoholism?
  Class of Condition for Alcoholism: behavior addiction
  Causes of Alcoholism: see causes of Alcoholism
  Risk factors for Alcoholism: see risk factors for Alcoholism
What are the symptoms of Alcoholism?
  Symptoms of Alcoholism: see symptoms of Alcoholism
Can anyone else get Alcoholism?
  Inheritance: see inheritance of Alcoholism
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Alcoholism: see treatments for Alcoholism
  Research for Alcoholism: see research for Alcoholism
Society issues for Alcoholism
  Costs of Alcoholism: $185 billion each year for alcoholism in the US (Mayo Clinic)

Cost statistics for Alcoholism: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Alcoholism:

  • Estimated $52,123,000 spent in public hospitals on alcohol or drug use and disorders in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Estimated $17,172,000 spent in public hospitals on alcohol and drug use and disorders in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW National Hospital Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

  Hospitalization statistics for Alcoholism: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Alcoholism:
  • 0.26% (33,701) of hospital consultant episodes were for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 86% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 69% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 31% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 79% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10.4 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 41 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 82% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.53% (276,290) of hospital bed days were for mental and behavioural disorders due to alcohol use in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.012% (1,526) of hospital consultant episodes were for toxic effect of alcohol in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 92% of hospital consultant episodes for toxic effect of alcohol required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 52% of hospital consultant episodes for toxic effect of alcohol were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 48% of hospital consultant episodes for toxic effect of alcohol were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 98% of hospital consultant episodes for toxic effect of alcohol required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for toxic effect of alcohol in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for toxic effect of alcohol in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 24 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for toxic effect of alcohol in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61% of hospital consultant episodes for toxic effect of alcohol occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2% of hospital consultant episodes for toxic effect of alcohol occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for toxic effect of alcohol were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.003% (1,801) of hospital bed days were for toxic effect of alcohol in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia in psychiatric hospitals:
    • 944 hospital episodes in public psychiatric hospitals were for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 7.42% of hospitalisations in public psychiatric hospitals for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol were single day episodes in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 99% of hospitalisations in public psychiatric hospitals for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol were by public patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Hospitalisations for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol at public psychiatric hospitals occurred in 0.5 people per 10,000 population in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 31.6 days was the mean length of stay for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public psychiatric hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • Excluding same day episodes, 34.1 days was the mean length of stay in public psychiatric hospitals for mental, behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
  • Hospitalization statistics in Australia for public hospitals:
    • 0.005% (1) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males under 1 year old in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.005% (1) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged 1 to 4 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.8% (149) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged 5 to 14 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 8.72% (1,621) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged 15 to 24 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 14.89% (2,768) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged 25 to 34 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 23.15% (4,304) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged 35 to 44 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 27.43% (5,099) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged 45 to 54 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 16.1% (2,969) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged 55 to 64 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 5.2% (962) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged 65 to 74 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 3% (645) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged 75 to 84 years in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
    • 0.24% (44) of hospital episodes for mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol in public hospitals occurred in males aged over 85 in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
  • alcohol related mental and behavioural disorders resulted in 13,864 hospitalisations in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW Hospital Morbidity Database 2001-02, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Alcohol related mental and behavioural disorders accounted for 82,708 patient days in hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW Hospital Morbidity Database 2001-02, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)


Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Alcoholism Getting the Facts: NIAAA

Last revision: April 10, 2003

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