Basic Summary for Autoimmune diseases


Main name of condition: Autoimmune diseases
Other names or spellings: AI, Autoimmunity, Horror autotoxicus

What is Autoimmune diseases?
  Brief description of Autoimmune diseases: Disease caused by a malfunctioning immune system leading to self-attacks or self-stimulation of other body cells.
  Brief description of Autoimmune diseases: A disease that occurs when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the body itself.1
  Parent types of Autoimmune diseases: Immune disorders, Allergic Disorders, Adolescent conditions, Polygenic diseases, Non-Contagious Diseases, Bizarre medical conditions
  Organs Affected by Autoimmune diseases: immune system
  Types of Autoimmune diseases: Possibly Autoimmune Diseases, Type 1 diabetes, Rheumatoid arthritis, Autoimmune thyroid diseases, Graves Disease, Hashimoto's Thyroiditis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Multiple Sclerosis, Crohn's disease, Psoriasis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Sympathetic ophthalmitis, Autoimmune neuropathies, Autoimmune oophoritis, Autoimmune orchitis, Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome, Antiphospholipid syndrome, Sjogren's Syndrome, Rheumatoid arthritis, Scleroderma, Lupus, Addison's Disease, Polyendocrine deficiency syndrome, Polyendocrine deficiency syndrome type 1, Polyendocrine deficiency syndrome type 2, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura, Pernicious anemia, Myasthenia Gravis, Primary biliary cirrhosis, Mixed connective tissue disease, Primary Glomerulonephritis, Vitiligo, Autoimmune uveitis, Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, Autoimmune Thrombocytopenia, Celiac Disease, Dermatitis herpetiformis, Autoimmune Hepatitis, Pemphigus, Pemphigus Vulgaris, Pemphigus Foliaceus, Bullous Pemphigoid, Autoimmune Myocarditis, Autoimmune Vasculitis, Autoimmune eye diseases, Alopecia Areata, Autoimmune Atherosclerosis, Behcet's Disease, Autoimmune Myelopathy, Autoimmune Hemophilia, Autoimmune Interstitial Cystitis, Autoimmune Diabetes Insipidus, Autoimmune Endometriosis, Relapsing Polychondritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Autoimmune Urticaria, Paraneoplastic Autoimmune Syndromes, Dermatomyositis, Miller Fisher Syndrome, IgA nephropathy, Goodpasture syndrome, Herpes gestationis
How many people get Autoimmune diseases?
  Prevalance of Autoimmune diseases: 8,511,845 people in the USA 1996 2
  Prevalance Rate of Autoimmune diseases: approx 1 in 31 or 3.13% or 8.5 million people in USA [about data]
  Prevalance of Autoimmune diseases: As a group, however, autoimmune diseases afflict millions of Americans.3
Who gets Autoimmune diseases?
  Patient Profile for Autoimmune diseases: Typically patients are adolescent or young adults; uncommon in the elderly.
  Gender Profile for Autoimmune diseases: Women 75% (NWHIC); women more than men overall, though not true for all diseases in the autoimmune category.
  Gender Profile for Autoimmune diseases: Most autoimmune diseases strike women more often than men; in particular, they affect women of working age and during their childbearing years.3
  Race Profile for Autoimmune diseases: Some autoimmune diseases occur more frequently in certain minority populations. For example, lupus is more common in African-American and Hispanic women than in Caucasian women of European ancestry. Rheumatoid arthritis and scleroderma affect a higher percentage of residents in some Native American communities than in the general U.S. population.3
How serious is Autoimmune diseases?
  Prognosis of Autoimmune diseases: Although autoimmune diseases are chronic, the course they take is unpredictable. A doctor cannot foresee what will happen to the patient based on how the disease starts. Patients should be monitored closely by their doctors so environmental factors or triggers that may worsen the disease can be discussed and avoided and new medical therapy can be started as soon as possible. Frequent visits to a doctor are important in order for the physician to manage complex treatment regimens and watch for medication side effects. 3
What causes Autoimmune diseases?
  Class of Condition for Autoimmune diseases: autoimmune
  Causes of Autoimmune diseases: see causes of Autoimmune diseases
  Risk factors for Autoimmune diseases: see risk factors for Autoimmune diseases
Can anyone else get Autoimmune diseases?
  Contagion of autoimmunity: generally not; see details in contagion of autoimmune diseases.
  More information: see contagiousness of Autoimmune diseases
  Inheritance: see inheritance of Autoimmune diseases
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Autoimmune diseases: see treatments for Autoimmune diseases

1. excerpt from Kidney Failure Glossary: NIDDK
2. Rose and Mackay, 1998, The Autoimmune Diseases, Third Edition
3. excerpt from Understanding Autoimmune Disease: NIAID

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