Basic Summary for Acute rheumatic fever


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Main name of condition: Acute rheumatic fever
Other names or spellings: acute articular rheumatism, acute rheumatic arthritis, polyarthritis rheumatica acuta, ARF


What is Acute rheumatic fever?
  Brief description of Acute rheumatic fever: Bacterial joint infection with risk of heart complications.
  Parent types of Acute rheumatic fever: Rheumatic conditions, Heart conditions, Rheumatic fever, Acute infections
  Organs Affected by Acute rheumatic fever: joints, heart
How many people get Acute rheumatic fever?
  Incidence (annual) of Acute rheumatic fever: 12 per 1000 (NHIS95)
  Incidence Rate of Acute rheumatic fever: approx 1 in 83 or 1.20% or 3.3 million people in USA [about data]
Who gets Acute rheumatic fever?
  Patient Profile for Acute rheumatic fever: Mostly children and teens; typically children 5-15
  Profile for Acute rheumatic fever: It is most common among children between 5-15 years of age.1
How serious is Acute rheumatic fever?
  Deaths for Acute rheumatic fever: 3,767 deaths reported in USA 1999 for acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic conditions (NVSR Sep 2001)
  Complications of Acute rheumatic fever: see complications of Acute rheumatic fever
What causes Acute rheumatic fever?
  Causes of Acute rheumatic fever: see causes of Acute rheumatic fever
  Risk factors for Acute rheumatic fever: see risk factors for Acute rheumatic fever
What are the symptoms of Acute rheumatic fever?
  Incubation period for Acute rheumatic fever: 18 days (after exposure such as strep throat)
  Incubation period for Acute rheumatic fever: Symptoms typically occur 18 days after an untreated strep throat.1
  Duration of Acute rheumatic fever: 3 months with gradual recovery
  Duration of Acute rheumatic fever: An acute attack lasts approximately 3 months.1
  Symptoms of Acute rheumatic fever: see symptoms of Acute rheumatic fever
Can anyone else get Acute rheumatic fever?
  Inheritance: see inheritance of Acute rheumatic fever
How is it treated?
  Treatments for Acute rheumatic fever: see treatments for Acute rheumatic fever

Footnotes:
1. excerpt from Group A Streptococcal Infections, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID

Last revision: June 13, 2003

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